Mechanical characteristic and biological behaviour of implanted and restorative bioglasses used in medicine and dentistry: A systematic review.

Nowadays bioactive glasses are finding increasing applications in medical practice due to their ability to stimulate re-mineralisation. However, they are intrinsically brittle materials and the study of new  compositions will open up new scenarios enhancing their mechanical properties and maintaining the high bioactivity for a broader range of applications. This systematic review aims to identify the relationship between the composition of bioactive glasses used in medical applications and their influence on the mechanical and biological properties (figure 1).

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Figure 1: Summary of the composition-properties relationship in bioglasses.

Most of the studies obtained enhanced mechanical properties and the conservation of bioactivity behaviours; new compositions of bioactive glasses incorporating specific ions and the addition in polymers will be the most important direction for future researches in developing new materials for medical applications and especially for dentistry

Funding

The research leading to this review has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 608197.

Reference

F. Lizzi, C. Villat, N. Attik, P. Jackson, B. Grosgogeat, C. Goutaudier. Mechanical characteristic and biological behaviour of implanted and restorative bioglasses used in medicine and dentistry: A systematic review. Dent Mater, 2017 Jun; 33(6):702-712. DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2017.03.017.